The human body is a rewarding subject to display. Model drawing is the best practice for learning to draw what you see and not what you think
The human body is a rewarding subject to display. Model drawing is the best practice for learning to draw what you see and not what you think you see!
It is very satisfying to notice that you are able to show the perfection of the human form with a pencil or pen.
Model painting / drawing requires a lot of concentration and practice, because you do many things at the same time. In addition to looking carefully at the model, you should also determine how to place the model in the space of your painting / drawing.
When drawing and painting you keep an overview of the composition and the broad lines of the whole. You have to look closely at the total posture, the proportions of the body and optical shortening. You also pay attention to the light, the light and dark areas.
Under the motto ‘practice makes perfect’, we offer a series of drawing / painting based on living models in the Artimist. Our models, both men and women, have the necessary experience.
We start with a series of open classes in which everyone with a little experience is welcome. Initially there will be no guidance yet.
With due respect we look at the work of our colleagues and we learn from each other.
Not everyone has the option to use real models. In that case you can use photos. Some websites I sometimes use for photos of models are:
Quickposes: website offers handy timer function for displaying photos
PoseSpace: Photos with good lighting for drawing (1 spot)
Human Anatomy for Artist: extensive database with photos
In addition to these photo sites, you can also use videos. A number of video channels with pose photos can be found on YouTube. The advantage of a video is that the poses are only shown for 1, 2, 5, or 10 minutes. This is a good practice to practice quick sketches.
It happens that in the Art Flower we get questions about drawing from a living nude model. Does that make sense? You can also draw a dressed person. In addition, there are many images of naked figures, you do not have to have them alive in front of you?
There are several reasons why drawing is based on a nude living model.
Usually the students in the academy (at least earlier in the traditional academic courses) start drawing objects. An object doesn’t run to blow its nose, and won’t wobble every few minutes, and the next week that object looks just the same. So you can practice until you can draw it almost blindly. That is very important in the beginning. You have to ‘get it in hand’.
But drawing objects also immediately poses the danger that you no longer look at them, because you know what it looks like. And that is one of the two main reasons for drawing to a living model: the model is always different, it is different, it is a different model, and every pose is new. There are no two equal poses. As a draftsman you are therefore obliged to look at your subject: how are the proportions, is that arm not shorter in that way, are those feet really that long, is it really bent over so far … you imagine yourself as a draftsman constantly asking.
Errors stand out
The second reason, and that is where nakedness comes into play, is that man is one of the most popular subjects for most artists and painters. Whether the person depicted is in the foreground, or part of a landscape or other setting, many classical paintings and drawings depict people. And portraying a person is not easy. If a tree is not completely depicted correctly, no one will notice it, but a person with too long legs or too small a head will immediately notice, even if it is a simple sketch.
In the past, the academy students first had to struggle through a lot of anatomical knowledge. For example, they had to be able to draw a skeleton, and believe me that is darn hard. Then they also had to study the functioning of the muscles. The idea of using anatomy as the basis for drawing the human body originated in the Renaissance, with Leonardo da Vinci dissecting corpses in the hospital basements. We are not concerned with that in the Art Flower …
Nudity is an absolute must in order to see the anatomy of a body. Clothes, even close-fitting like tights, hide that anatomy. And that is the only way to teach a person to draw properly.
Always something new
Practice makes perfect, that is something you have to take very literally in art. In fact, in art you never reach a point where you can say: I have nothing more to learn, I can do it all. But that is also the exciting part of art, you can always learn something new, it remains an adventure of discovering new things. Here too, drawing from a living model is part of it. You are always looking for new ways to depict the body, for new techniques.
For me, drawing from a living model is not an end in itself, but a devilishly difficult exercise, an exercise that will always be difficult, no matter how many models I have drawn. For me it is the basis of all other signs because in that context I can safely make mistakes, experiment with new material, try things out. I am confident that no one will laugh at me, the others also sweat to finish their drawing within the given time. My drawings disappear in my folder at night, and no one outside the studio ever has to see my wastes, after a while I just sort them out to the rubbish bin.
Just like the traditional academies
In our studio of the Kunst-Bloem we do nothing but the traditional academies. Our models, both men and women, just take the same poses as in those academies (although every pose is slightly different, the model is just a bit more sister or so, this muscle gets a little more emphasis, and the light creates other shadows).
Marcel, who guides drawing according to a living model, draws his inspiration for the poses mostly from books on drawing and from well-known painters and draughtsmen such as Renoir and Degas. Sometimes the pose is there at the request of one of the artists. However, it is often also an application to something that Marcel teaches us: for example, the display of shortening and the effect of shadow.
Learn to draw a landscape.
Lovely outside, I love it.
Into nature, fresh air.
Nature in bloom, or nature in winter with bare trees.
Everything has its charm.
But how do you draw it, how do you get it on paper?
The pencil can do much more than just draw lines.
The structures of tree bark, leaves.
Capturing light and shade.
There are tricks! Multiple tricks are shared in these lessons.
First shake ourselves up and let the pencil do its work.
Grab your drawing pad and sketch outside, to reality.
The video lessons help you learn to look at structures, shapes, proportions, perspective.
Also learn to look at light and dark. all tricks are discussed.
You can work on photos or just outside. Enjoy in silence….
There are also people who prefer to draw based on pictures or other drawings / paintings.
Drawing people is the same as drawing a model. However, a model is usually in one position and when you start drawing people you show different poses. The simplest way to teach people to draw is to trace complex shapes (round, square, triangle) to the shapes of a person. Especially when you are just drawing, keep it simple. Exercise is important! Everyone can learn to draw!
Also try it in the manner below
Start with the head. This is actually an inverted egg. A man’s head is 1 / 8th of the body. So when you draw a head and you want your person in normal proportions, you use the head 7 times. Grab the centimeter!
It is not wrong to make a drawing every day. One time sign
you a man and then a woman. Drawing children is different. First look into it
simply draw a human. You can expand this later.
Draw the body in simplified shapes until you have the human, which is shown below.
Now do some sketching and especially learn what a person looks like when he is in one position. You can use this sketch doll to practice different poses or poses. A mannequin is very easy to have on hand. This can be put in many different positions.
Which pastel chalk to buy?
Because I like to work with pastels, I started testing a number of brands of soft pastels. I was actually curious what the most pleasant, affordable and in my opinion the right chalk to create a beautiful image. I looked up a number of colorful pictures, where at least red, blue, yellow and green could be used.
Working with pastel chalk is a dry technique. You can get started very spontaneously and quickly. The tools that should not be missing are your fingers and maybe a feather. It also works with paper tissues and / or cotton swabs. You can draw very broadly with chalk. If you are going to make a detailed drawing, it is possible to combine the pastel crayon with pastel pencil. However, this is not always necessary. You can work very precisely with only the chalk. Just look at this owl I made on black velvet paper. And also the hawk below I only made with chalk, this was realized on black cardboard paper.
Among other things, I have assessed the color (the pigment). How does the chalk rub out. How is the chalk in the hand etc. etc. The price / quality is also important. Draw your own conclusions about which pastels are best for you to buy.
The crayons are in a cardboard box with cellophane plastic on top of the crayons. These crayons look attractive at first glance. Bright colors in a square model. I purchased them for this project and had never done anything with them.
Findings Action chalk “van Bleiswijck”
At first glance, this box of chalk looks attractive. However, when you start working with it, you immediately see how little pigment is present in the crayons. Red doesn’t really get beautiful, bright red. The parrot I depicted with this chalk contains a lot of red. By mixing with orange it was still possible… Incidentally, mixing with this chalk is almost impossible. Take a look at the top of the drawing.
Even more disadvantages are:
The chalk, as it were, remains on the paper, difficult to rub.
There is no beautiful green color in the box
Crayons break quickly
Some crayons are crooked
Price / quality is okay
Square model is nice to draw sharp stripes
Chalk erases easily
The color blue had a bit more pigment
While making the drawing above to admire :-), I started to like this chalk more and more. It is easy to rub and has pretty colors with quite a bit of pigment. Some crayons are very hard, but after going back and forth on your paper, you get a lot of chalk which is easy to rub. The rubbing over each other is also fine. I made this drawing using my fingers. Pure and only with this technique you get the chalk nicely rubbed together. Marie’s pastel chalk was 100% easy despite the low price!
The disadvantage is the thin pieces of chalk, which break easily and at first that it is hard of this material. However, if you understand how this chalk works, it is a great medium to purchase pastel chalk with a somewhat more expensive box. For example, it contains beautiful colors to realize a portrait.
Findings Sennelier pastel chalk
Sennelier chalk (pronounce it as senneljee) is, according to the experts, the softest pastel in the world. This pastel crayon is still made by hand and you can see that too!
The drawing I made of the colorful toucan also had a black feather cover. Black stains enormously from Sennelier. You really need to keep your kneaded eraser handy. The pigment of this chalk is fantastic, but be careful not to press your chalk too hard or you will have too much chalk on your paper. Very little is needed. I will never use Sennelier for a precise, realistic drawing, but for a colorful landscape. I largely made the landscape that you also encounter below with Sennelierkrijt. Landscapes lend themselves perfectly to this, because you can spread out nicely. The quality / price ratio is excellent!
This inexpensive chalk is fine if you are not sure whether you like pastels. For someone who is just starting to draw with pastel chalk, it is fine to get acquainted with this brand. Buy some loose crayons and get started! The square crayons are comfortable to hold. You may find it pleasant to use.
My experience is that I don’t really like the colors .. Maybe I made the wrong choice, but I don’t think the shades are really bright. Still, it is fine to rub the colors in and over each other with this chalk. When you work with Jaxell, a lot of chalk dust is released that you can mix well with. As you can see in my drawing I only used a few colors. The yellow color I ordered is not yellow but more of a beige shade. It must have been my own mistake. I started mixing with this light shade and that gave quite a good result. The black stripes that you see around the eyes and the eyebrows are made with pencil.
Findings Faber Castell
To tell you the truth, I was a bit disappointed with these crayons. They are thin and break very quickly. However, there is reasonable pigmentation. I found it difficult to rub it and over each other. The chalk is a bit hard and initially it streaks on the paper. Orange colored beaks (see drawing) by mixing red with yellow was somewhat problematic. I think the price is too high compared to the quality.
Faber Castell pastel chalk is available in many beautiful, powerful colors with soft intermediate shades. Also available in half lengths which of course makes a significant difference in price.
The box with this chalk looks attractive and inviting to get started with. If this chalk seems to be a good choice, first order 3 to 4 crayons to try.
Mixing colors on canvas is especially possible when you work with oil paint. You get nice gradient shades and the paint does not dry quickly, like with acrylic paint. So you can quietly get started with mixing paint on your canvas. It is advisable to use a medium at the same time, which is even more delaying.
W&N Painter Medium Artist Painting Medium. A slow drying glossy medium. Ideal for fine painting, glazing and mixing on canvas without brushstrokes. Thins the paint, improves flow, picks up spots and is resistant to yellowing.
Mixing acrylic paint on canvas is also possible, but then you definitely have to work with a retarding medium. The paint dries quickly and should always be kept wet. A plant sprayer at work is useful.
The easiest way to mix on a canvas with paint is to work wet on wet. Paint a white layer of paint on your canvas. Mix the white oil paint with white spirit and paint it loosely on your white canvas. If you have a colored canvas, use a mixture of oil paint with linseed oil. Now you can get started with your color mixes. Especially when you have chosen nature as the subject, you will experience that the transitions of colors look more natural. Skies, forests and water take on a more realistic appearance.
Acrylic paint dries within 10 minutes. It is desirable to work quickly. If you are going to mix colors on the canvas, you really need a delaying factor.
Mixing oil paint on your canvas is much easier. The oil paint sometimes takes days to dry. If you are a fast painter, oil painting without medium is a great way.
Why mix on canvas and not on your palette
A painter who already has the necessary experience will be able to more easily depict an sky or the sea on the canvas by mixing paint on the canvas. A nicer transition is obtained. It is a realistic, natural way of working. A looser way. Backgrounds can also be made in a simple way by mixing directly on the canvas.
Colors that you apply to the canvas will normally overlap.
When you want to mix on the canvas, take a clean, dry brush and work the colors together. Always clean your brush. A fan brush is a perfect brush to work with. Large brushes with long hair are also suitable. A wad of paper, sponge or cloth can be used to make things more drastic.
When creating an oil painting, there are times when it makes sense to make some strokes in a wet surface to achieve greater harmony.
The key is to recognize the differences between mixtures made on the palette and those mixed into the wet surface of the painting, and use this knowledge in appropriate ways.
I have always been fascinated by painting or drawing a utensil that you deal with on a daily basis. To display immobile objects in detail on canvas or paper is clever. You will come across items such as a dishwashing brush, a tea towel or a hammer every day. Great when you have the talent to capture it on a canvas. Once… .long ago I drew three shovels with pencil. It was important to display light and dark. I also once ventured into a bowl of marbles ..
A painting or drawing with these utensils is called a still life. When you think of a still life, you see a vase of flowers or a bowl of fruit, but no washing-up brush or paintbrush. Recently I came across the artist Serge de Vries via pinterest. He makes beautiful works of art from, for example, a matchbox or an eraser. Nice to look at and fantastic to have his work on the wall.
When you visit Serge’s website, you will see items that everyone has at home. This realistic painter works wet on wet with oil paint. You can clearly see that the objects are painted. That is also allowed… It doesn’t have to look like a picture, then you might as well hang a picture on the wall.
Serge says, “Working photographically is not my goal. I just want you to see the brush strokes. I’m trying to send you that. To draw your attention to the part of my work that I find important. That part gets a little more attention than the rest. With just a little more detail.
Painting a coat of a dog or cat is quite a job, but it does not have to be difficult. To create a nice soft coat you have to study it well. You will then notice that the hair never grows in any direction. For example, in a dog, the hair grows upwards from the nose. On the sides of the nose, the hair grows back down towards the dog’s mouth. So it is important to study a dog’s head carefully and see which direction the hair grows. The photo of the dog below shows how the hair is going.